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Socrates on Staying Smart (via Moralities and the Moral Republic)

Socrates on Staying Smart (via Moralities and the Moral Republic)

img166Live a life of constant learning and physical fitness. That is the way toward real life satisfaction. At least that’s the message I get from Greek philosophy. I suspect that the first ingredient described below – abiding by the laws of your God – is more difficult than studying and thinking to be smarter – and regular exercise.

Business ethics is relevant here for the thought that if a human being follows these three things a person must do, it is much less likely he will sin against himself or society.

James Pilant

“It is a matter of common knowledge that grave mistakes may often be traced to poor mental fitness. And because the mind is in a bad condition, loss of memory, depression and discontent often attack the it so violently as to drive out whatever knowledge it contains”

In Plato’s dialogue Laws he mentions the three most important things a person must do. The first is to abide by the laws of your God. The second is to always be improving your mind. The third, to keep yourself in top physical shape. The April 2011 post addressed why staying in shape is important. We now take liberties with that blog post and change it to what Socrates might have said about improving your mind. So here it goes. One day Socrates no … Read More

via Moralities and the Moral Republic

From around the web –

From the web site, Don Rothman. (Please visit the site and read the rest.)

http://www.donrothman.com/plato%E2%80%99s-republic-and-socrates%E2%80%99-need-of-others/

Plato depicts Socrates as employing a range of strategies to sustain his interlocutors’ participation in the dialogue. Plato also reveals how Socrates’ companions sustain his participation, which I’ve thought less about than the former, since I’ve always thought of Socrates as the origination—the spark plug—the one whose participation is a given, needing nothing but his own daemon to sustain him.

But this seminar (led by Harry Berger and John Lynch) has, for reasons not clear yet, urged me to challenge this assumption. As with all efforts at human communication, as opposed to transmission, we are usually rewarded in our efforts to figure out what is occurring by paying attention to how agency or power doesn’t reside in one person.

There is no dialogue unless there are at least two voices. The Republic, as we keep noticing in our seminar, fails to meet some important criteria for healthy dialogue. But it is still, I’d say, both by custom and readers’ experience, a dialogue.

From the web site, T Smith14’s Blog.

http://tsmith14.wordpress.com/2011/02/11/socrates-ignorance/

While reading through Plato’s Apology it is very hard for me to
understand the thought process of Socrates. It is obvious that Socrates
is unlike any other human being with regards to life and death. In my
opinion, Socrates endulges in the prospect of death instead of
understanding the vast opportunities that life has to offer. In the Apology, Socrates
is charged with corrupting the youth, not recognizing the God’s of
Athens, and creating new dieties. Through the trial process, Socrates
offers an attitude of ignorance and sarcasm which obviously does not
hold well with the jury.

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Plato’s View on the Importance of Mind, Body and Wealth (via Moralities and the Moral Republic)

Plato's View on the Importance of Mind, Body and Wealth This comes from his 8th letter. It’s a view that can help maximize your happiness. Unfortunately society has it reversed which causes most of our problems. Plato argues: “Accept public laws and beliefs that you think will not arouse your desires and turn your thoughts toward money making and wealth. Of the three goods – soul/mind, body and wealth – your laws and public beliefs must give the highest honor to the excellence of the soul/mind, the se … Read More

via Moralities and the Moral Republic

Plato’s View on the Importance of Mind, Body and Wealth (via Moralities and the Moral Republic)

This comes closer to summing up what my blog site is about more than anything I have written myself.

James Pilant

From around the web –

From the web site, The Star Garden

http://www.thestargarden.co.uk/SocratesPlatoAndAristotle.html

Socrates held a rationalist approach to the theory of knowledge, which means that he believed true knowledge comes from the mind, which is rational, and not from the senses, which can be tricked. Socrates believed that the mind has an irrational part which is controlled by emotions and this is drawn to the body. Once the mind and body merge, the mind is limited by what we are able to perceive with our senses. The rational part of our mind mostly remains beyond our conscious knowledge, however Socrates argued that the best way for us to learn the truth about the world is to use rational thought to understand the true nature of ourselves. Socrates believed that it is the job of philosophers to connect to the rational mind in order to become a whole person. Once this is achieved, a rational person will see things for what they really are. 
From the web site, Beats Views.

English: Bust of Socrates in the Vatican Museum

English: Bust of Socrates in the Vatican Museum (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

Socrates’ lack of despair at his imminent execution warranted an
explanation to his associates; he gave a speech in which he defended his
lack of grievance towards his foreseeable death. Socrates stated that
philosophers should not fear death as they place more value on knowledge
than on material desires associated with the body. He emphasised that
death is no more than the separation of body and soul; when the soul
is released from the body. Simmias accepts the premise that philosophers
are unconcerned by physiological needs such as food, drink and sex;
rather, they keep their attention fixed on matters of the soul. For this
reason a philosopher should not be grieved at the thought of their
death, as, they detach themselves from concerns of the body, rather,
they look forward to the afterlife in which only that which concerns the
soul would exist. This would bring philosophers delight, whereas
‘ordinary people’ would struggle more with giving up that which is
experienced through the body and thus be grieved at the thought of
death.
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A BOOK IN PROGRESS [PART 3]: ON STOICISM, FREE WILL & FATE (via Pandaemonium)

Zeno

I find stoicism an attractive philosophy. I suspect that has to do with the slings and arrows of an implacable fate falling with such regularity. Hanging tough may be the only thing many Americans (and all Japanese) can do.

It’s a nice essay. I hope you enjoy it. Maybe you can buy the book when it’s finished.

James Pilant

My book on the history of moral thought, due to be published next year by Atlantic, is beginning to take shape (I should hopefully have finished writing it by late summer / early autumn). Every month I am posting small sections from the book. This excerpt is from the conclusion of Chapter 3, which begins in Aristotle’s moral thought and ends in Stoicism. THE PHILOSOPHER ZENO WAS ONCE FLOGGING A SLAVE WHO HAD STOLEN SOME goods.  ‘But I was fated t … Read More

via Pandaemonium

An Analysis Of Crito

I continue my exploration of philosophical ethics with Crito. This dialogue is between Crito and Socrates while Socrates is in prison awaiting death. Crito has made arrangements to break his friend out but Socrates insists that he will stay and be put to death. I like this analysis and if you have an interest in philosophy, you may enjoy it as much as I do.

James Pilant

Lecture On Plato

Plato falls between Socrates and Aristotle. These three philosophers lived during the Athenian decline. This caused a great deal of turmoil in their lives and deeply influenced their philosophical views. Here is a lecture on Plato I found very enjoyable.

James Pilant




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